Module 1: Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management
This module explains key concepts relating to climate change and disaster risk management and presents an overview of the related international frameworks.
Afghanistan signed the UNFCCC in 1992, and ratified the Kyoto Protocol, valid until 2020, in 2013. The Paris Agreement (signed in April 2016) is the universal commitment that seeks to limit global warming to less than 2°C. Afghanistan has presented the following climate change related strategies and documents to the UN-FCCC:
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015-2030) was signed by 187 states, including Afghanistan, in March 2015 and replaces the former Hyogo Framework for Action (2005-2015) on disaster risk reduction.
In Afghanistan, the Afghanistan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA) is responsible for DRM and has provincial offices and coordinating mechanism through the National Disaster Management Commission as well as Provincial Disaster Management Committee at the sub-national levels.